Effect of Postharvest UVB Irradiation on the Fruit of cv. Dottato (Ficus carica L.)
Effect of Postharvest UVB Irradiation on the Fruit of cv. Dottato (Ficus carica L.)
Anno Pubblicazione  
2023 Pubblicazione ISI  

Autori: Giordano C., Benelli C.; Faraloni C.; Grifoni D., Anichini M., Ieri F., Traversi L., Beghè D., Petruccelli R. (2023)

Rivista: Applied Sciences. 2023, 13, 13003 



Abstract (articolo disponibile per intero dal sito dell'editore): 

Exposing fruits and vegetables to UVB radiation post-harvest is a technique used to modify secondary metabolites and prolong their shelf life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of UVB irradiation on the chemical and physical characteristics of fig cv. Dottato fruits. The UVB irradiation was 2.26 Wm−2. Two exposure times were carried out: 10 and 60 min resulting in a UVB dose of 1.4 and 8.1 kJm−2, respectively. In the control, the UVB was eliminated by a polyester film (control −UVB). After treatment, the fig fruits were stored and analyzed at different times until decay. Quality parameters (decay, weight loss, color, chlorophyll, and firmness) and physicochemical parameters (soluble solids content, pH parameters, and titratable acidity) were positively influenced by irradiation. Total and individual sugars increased gradually during the storage period in both the skin and the flesh, with glucose being higher after 10 days in the UVB treated samples. Total carotenoid content increased gradually during the storage period, with a marked increase in the +UVB fruit. The content of total and individual polyphenols was positively influenced by UVB treatment, with the UVB treated samples showing the highest values at both 7 and 10 days. The study showed an increase in by-products in both the skin and the flesh. This research confirms the effectiveness of UVB radiation in improving the nutritional qualities and shelf life of Ficus carica fruits.